diversity and richness mycological with more than 3,800 species.
1 .- The first of these tips to prevent poisoning is to identify either the species, it is necessary to extract the full copy, with all its features. He can cut through the base of the foot, the species readily recognizable as edible.
2 .- It is not advisable to use plastic bags as in its internal copies are mixed, deteriorating, and fermented larvae can fill. For proper collection of mushrooms is necessary to use baskets or baskets.
3 .- The business activities related to the mushrooms must be made in the center of the municipalities where they are produced. The reason is to prevent the sale of these resources in the natural environment creates health problems, accidents or waste.
4 .- Do not pick or eat many mushrooms that are very mature and in poor condition, and that these copies are generally indigestible and should not keep too many days after collection. Nor should eat mushrooms raw.
5 .- Avoid collecting mushrooms in contaminated areas, edges of roads, public parks and dumps, as the heavy metals present in these media are absorbed by the mushroom later will ingest.
6 .- Be cautious not to eat mushrooms that are not known.
7 .- Do not eat mushrooms that have the following features: Volvo, sheets ring and white, yellow or green (Amanita), small/medium (5 cm. in diameter) with white sheets (Lepiota, Clitocybe), very small size (1 cm. in diameter), wood (Galerina ) or grow in grasslands (Psilocybe) and those with cerebriform hat (Gyromitra) or saddle (Helvella).
8 .- Do not collect juveniles or in egg must mature and free spores (seeds).
9 .- Nor should take all the mushrooms in each place, we must leave some to disperse their spores.
10th .- In the wild never to destroy the unknown species, all have a role in the mountains: they help plants grow and recycled soil organic matter.
11 º .- The mushroom picker should not use the rake or dig land, which could destroy the fungus and prevent re-emerge mushrooms.
12th .- We must learn to recognize toxic mushrooms are the least numerous.
Also, since the Environmental Management 7 false explain the rules for the collection of mushrooms and truffles, as there is no universal rule as to whether a mushroom is edible or toxic
a) is false or that the mushrooms consumed by semidevoradas animals are edible for humans, animals and people as they have different physiology, some species are adapted to the toxic.
b) It is true that if a cook mushroom with a silver spoon and blackens it is of a toxic mushroom, and if not, is edible. The reality is that sometimes the opposite occurs.
C) It is true that if a cook mushrooms with a clove of garlic and blackens it means that the mushroom is toxic. Sometimes the opposite occurs.
D) It is true that cooking with plenty of toxic mushrooms vinegar and salt toxicity is removed, this may even increase its harmful effect.
E) It is false that known or if a mushroom smells good means that it is edible. The most deadly of all have a sweet taste (Amanita phalloides).
F) It is false that all mushrooms that change color when you touch or short are poisonous.
G) It is true that the emerging wood mushrooms are edible. For example, is deadly Galerina marginata and grows on wood.
Andalusia is the region with greater diversity of fungal species, which were discovered a total of 288 that were hitherto unknown in our region, as well as several species new to science. Recent studies have found that there are more species of mushrooms that plant in Andalusia, with unique places like the Sierra Norte de Sevilla and Sierra de Huelva, which house nearly 2,000 varieties of species.
The Department of Environment has a Plan of Conservation and Sustainable Use of mushrooms and truffles in Andalusia (Plan Cussta) for the conservation, sustainable use and enjoyment of these species in our region, who discovers an Andalusian society for natural resource and socio-economic in its many facets.
Cussta The Plan provides inter alia the development of the first manual truficultura, which collects all information and characteristics of this fungus. At the end of this year published the Red Book of threatened fungi in Andalusia, the first of its kind in Spain. The plan also includes the creation of various facilities for public use-the garden of Priego de Córdoba micológico be completed in early 2007, are building three new information points in mycological Iznalloz (Granada), Abla (Almería) and Constantina (Sevilla ), which join those of Jimena de la Frontera (Cádiz), Aracena (Huelva), and Siles (Jaén) - mycological routes and stocking with plants inoculated plants (which were inserted fungal spores), highlighting the actions made to repopulate cardo mushroom, truffle or black truffle desert on public lands in the provinces of Granada, Almeria and Jaen, and soon the rest of Andalusia.