must be made clear that the word "mate" is called the drink itself and the container that is prepared, with "Yerba Mate" or "Yerba" is appointed to the plant and ground with the blade it prepares the infusion.
Good mate for these payments should be the typical pumpkin or PORONGO, this is the result of "calabacera" is drying, cutting and casting. Then you can be Pulido, lined in leather, with metal ferrule with posamate, etc.. According to preference, if wide-mouth better for the "cebadura with good technique and prolonging the flavor of the infusion as long as possible. Mate of the wide mouth is called the truck driver is more comfortable for bait in cars.
no schedule or time of day that you can not take a mate, for breakfast, eating something, alone, watching television, reading a book before, during and after surf, afternoon, evening, with friends. but it is a drink and nothing else, the mate is passion, it's art, friendship ..... The most common way is by taking a round of friends, where everyone takes turns, and whose order of their location on this wheel or the order of arrival should be respected as an acquired right. Too often a company in times of solitude, hours of study or reading.
Yerba Mate : The name of the herb used to make mate. Its scientific name is Ilex paraguariensis.
Mate : The name of the container used to serve / priming infusion. It also is the name given to the infusion and ready.
Bombilla : Canuto, which is used for the infusion from the container (mate) to the mouth. This process takes place through suction.
Prime : is the action of the preparation and service mate.
Primer : person who prepares and serves mate.
Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis)
When the Spaniards came to America they found many new things such as potato, maize, tomato, cassava and the "grass". Of the native inhabitants of America (the Spaniards called it the thought that Indians had arrived in India) have learned to drink this infusion and caused them a surprise how many times they used per day. In the beginning it was prohibited, punishable with "excommunication" by the Jesuit priests. It is claimed that this drink made from roots of "herbal" was the ruin of this land, because it makes the taking, weak, lazy, without honor ....", referring to it as a service.
The first reference to the use of YERBA - MATE these lands comes from Adelantado Hernando Arias de Saavedra (Hernandarias) in 1592. As observed by and reported by Ruiz Diaz de Guzman in the book "A Brief History of stages Cosquista" (1612), the Indians, in addition to weapons, small leather bags (Guayacán ") in which leaves were crushed and roasted mate stands that chewed or placed in a gourd with water and Sorbian either using their teeth as a filter or through a tube of cane. According to these leaves the Spaniards gave them greater resistance to the long marches, or in daily duties.
All this happened in the territories now covered by part of Paraguay and the Argentine provinces of Corrientes and Misiones. This was the area par excellence of Yerba Mate. The Spaniards began to drink the beverage in a container of thick lips called "Bernegal" which drank in paragraph form using a spoon with holes, through which separated water from the leaves. Dubbed the "aaa" as the Guarani of Paraguay or simply Herb Yerba since, as we know before we know where they were met, did not know that their origin was from a tree.
was accepted as a stimulant beverage, like tea, where the most important city of Asunción added to the diet. As the grass had to be harvested in the Province of Misiones and the interior of Paraguay, in the "Green Hell", the Jesuits decided to put plantings in places more accessible.
Present mate is consumed in much of South America: Southwestern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Chile and parts of Bolivia. As the largest producer and consumer worldwide Argentina. Although per capita consumption in Uruguay is more than Argentina.
Anyone can help or have a mate but it is not so easy to find good mate of primers. Mateada is considered good when the person who "makes or serves" manage to stay in good shape for a time, ie, a good primer.
Unlike tea, prime mate is not just pour hot water to mate, but keep in mate nice to be taken. This work, in colonial times, was reserved for servants specialized primers for the mate. Even today, among the gauchos and muleteers or among a group of friends, in a machine shop, office or a bank, there is always someone who specializes in doing so. For those policyholders
usual, usually demanding a mate badly priming is almost an insult. It is not uncommon to hear words, while the mate returned, "No, this mate is gringos" as attributing ignorance prime mate to the nationality of the primer.
Forms can take a mate without sugar, which is called "bitter" or cimarrón "or" green. "Mate dulce" is one that has sugar. The terere "is primed to mate amargo cold water.
Mate Amargo :
Carry yerba mate (mate container used for bait) to 2 / 3 of capacity. Overturn the mate on the palm of your hand and shake it gently as Zaranda. This operation is for the grass finer (powder) remaining in the area.
Mate again to its normal position very slowly, taking care that the grass has been to one side of the mate.
Pour warm water on the empty part of the mate. Allow absorbed (2 minutes). Repeated the operation with the water a little hotter, the leaves absorb again.
This is when they enter the bulb to the bottom side in the nearly empty. From this
momenmto which begins to feed the mate with hot water but not boiling. If it is carefully and dumps the water in the form of a bit thin, the grass is dry side for a while. The proper primer will miss running where running water and begins to wet the dry part of the grass to go incorporating lentamete. In this way extends the hand of taste mateada. As
begins to appear sticks floating grass (matte wash) good primer replaces part of the herb.
Mate Dulce :
It proceeds in the same way as the bitter but is adding a teaspoon of sugar for each mate.
HOW TO AVOID THE TAPE BOMBILLA:
This is a method developed by Andrew Lucifero ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
SOY UN "MATEADOR" hard. I was always annoyed when I TAPABA bulb. Since I am officially METHODIST HE "inventive step" HOW TO AVOID TAPE, BUT 100%.
THIS IS MY METHOD:
1. Yerba mate put andalusia as usual. 2
. Taparle mouth with his hand and shake it, a few seconds with the mouth downward and horizontally a few seconds. 3
. Remain horizontal, placing the average cane (see number 10) to the bottom, leaving about 2 cm outside, so to be able to stand when taking the lift or you want to take. 4
. Place the half pole, taking it by its edges and pressing for the large to enter through the mouth of the mate. 5
. Keep it horizontal, add cold water as usual. 6
. Support in the same position at the mouth of a vase or something similar, to be pumping the pot. Meanwhile prepare the water, turkey, etc..
7. Make the first and second mates, pour the water and keep it horizontal to vertical position as it fills.
8. The first mates, instead of being strong as classically are lavaditos. To regulate it, take the lift half reed and 1 cm ... As will "wash the grass" lift over half the cane. This means that the method to adjust the taste of the liquid to consumer tastes ",.... well ... at least not "send" as both the classically mate.
9. ¿Y LA BOMBILLA Tapada ??.... ¡¡¡Forget FOREVER! ¡¡¡WILL REMEMBER ONLY ONE! That this be imposed PASEN YEARS AND ... They say: ¿¡¡TE TAPABA CHORD WHEN THE BULB! ??...
10. NOW, HOW DO THE MEDIA CANE:
It is merely a kind of channel, but the sides should not be parallel, but agree in every way possible with the vertical cut of the mate. (see picture) It was not clear if it makes that cut the material vertically and put it in the cut form a cap (which we know is like a heart when it is pumpkins.). Thus, this mediacaña (because it should not be flat but curved, as is a kind of channel through which to receive the water poured up to the mouth get to the bottom. Mediacaña This is done by cutting a plastic bottle (The lavandin of gruesitas are the most appropriate.)
The curvature makes channel, so that the trickle of water out of the top playing guan, slides to the bottom "without touching the grass."
nutritional properties of yerba mate
The beneficial and therapeutic effects of yerba mate, verified after centuries of observation and use, were confirmed today by numerous scientific studies .
In terms of its chemical properties, yerba mate is similar to green tea, though much more nutritious. Significant amounts of potassium, sodium, magnesium and manganese are present in the leaves and the infusion (Tenorio Sanz & Torija Isasa 1991). Also present are vitamins B-1, B-2, C, A, riboflavin, carotene, choline, pantothenic acid, inositol and 15 types of amino acids (F. Alikaridis 1987).
The existence of eleven polyphenols (Kawakami & ; A. Kabayashi 1991) is one component that makes the yerba mate is very healthy. Recent study in the U.S. indicate that polyphenols are powerful antioxidants that improve the body's natural defenses and protect against cell destruction that causes the body to deteriorate and develop symptoms of disease (Jean Carper 1988).
The mateína , the chemical family of xanteínas, is also typical of the yerba mate. Its chemical structure is similar to that of caffeine, but with different effects on the body. While mateína as caffeine is a stimulant of the nervous system and a promoter of mental activity is different in the latter not to interfere with sleep patterns. And unlike other xanteínas the mateína is also a mild diuretic.
Regarding the effects of yerba mate, there are also behavioral changes such as increased energy and vitality, increased ability to concentrate, decreased anxiety and increased resistance to physical and mental fatigue. An improvement in mood, especially in cases of depression, often result from the consumption of this product. (D. Mowrey 1991). Apart from providing essential minerals to the body such as potassium, sodium and magnesium, yerba mate retards the accumulation of lactic acid in muscles. This makes it an excellent natural energizer for people that practice sports or other physical activities (D. Mowrey 1991).
mate believe cost may vary depending on your taste the way it rioja CEBE and therefore will be different if we change from a primer, then your life importance and it is also the obivo mate will not only prime ...
must first put grass, we have a mate classic like "pore" (see types of mate) and I filled up half of grass, a little inclined to mate, and on the side of the grass that became deeper, moistened with hot water until it swells a little below the grass, taking care not to wet the grass surface of the bulb and nailed to the bottom, an act called "saddle" must take into account bulb not to move too, because taparla succeed at most inclined in the opposite direction from where the grass was dry, ie the side that will take a mate.
If we straighten out the mate who was even throughout the dry grass on top, then we can start right in the wet well so that the light bulb, trying to make the grass was wet from the bottom up .. . and ready! Now if we meditate we do: take the first mate or move as an act of gratitude to a comrade, we must bear in mind that it may be very hot and as the first, the grass is strong, bitter and may have some to gustito land the second mate not sure what will be will depend on who we have next to feel the affection and the primer for that person.
To take into account is also very important not to get wet all the grass from the start, because if you always leave some dry grass on the surface opposite to the bulb, and occasionally a little mojo Moreover, I will help maintain rich and tasty, however, as the first mate, well we can stay calm that he will be rich if at cebarlo, water foam continue doing something in the middle. Recall that it says "prime" because it means feeding, promote, operate and maintain a sustainable, ready for use, meaning that it is not enough to mate and to serve and should be kept shining as the "first mate" during whole barley.
Another tip that can be useful before the wet grass for the first time, the mouth of tapemos mate, rioja rioja demos turn and hit a little, this way we get is only the grass sieves and finer remaining in the surface soil of the grass is our best and sticks with the rest of the grass was fit to the bottom of the mate, getting the maximum flavor and reduces the probability that the bulb is tape.
The propiamentedicho mate is the container where you put all the ingredients and the bulb to enjoy a delicious infusion of yerba, some wealthy mates, it is worth the redundancy.
There are several types of mate, which is made from a gourd that is called mate and then the drink takes its name, is the most distinctive, with that peculiar form.
also available wood, porcelain, metal, inlaid with silver and some may come wrapped in leather, with coarse stitching.
The most important thing to remember is the curing mate, there are many ways to do this but all are similar and overlap at certain points and goals. The main thing is to be done to get any flavor that may bring mate, we will also prepare curándolo the inside wall of the mate for their future use and prevent the formation of odors.
First wash it again and again using only hot water, without adding anything more, until there is no other substance, dirt, smell, taste or color in the wastewater. Then filled with yerba mate and used and what we stand for a day after repeating the process again by removing the grass, but without rinsing, replace grass and used to make a day, thereby curing the material to Unless this is not consistent with the aroma that it adopted, for which we can return to repeat the last operation again.
Now when we go to feed the first mate, keep in mind that if we are going to take a bitter, priming can not "never" because a mate with sugar but then on the squash should be used to mate always sweet.
Since we are talking about mate sweet and bitter, we commented that although the traditional mate is bitter, you can add sugar, to sweeten a little, every two or three baited before putting water and the teaspoon should always fall on the edge of the trench so that the bulb in the pot. They say that there is bound to mate sweet love and affection that the primer is who will take it, whereas if it is meant to be washed and is long contempt is not to say that never ends and has little grass, we showing a complete disregard for the individual.
In popular folklore it may add other things to vary the taste of bitter mate or "Cimarron," cascaritas as orange, coffee, cinnamon and any herb flavor and a "strange side effects "In some cases it may even fall in love to the drinker's primer almost instantly, until you fall into his arms ...
The yerba mate is the result of a rigorous development process that takes raw materials such as sheet of a tree, similar to the laurel, with its trunk gray, up to 50 cm. diameter and an average of 5 to 6 m. high, which leaves barely 10 cm. long and have serrated edge. It also features a bunch of long balls dark purple or violet, which are very small, no more and no less than the fruit of the tree, which carries within it seeds of a quatrain, where only one can get to germinate, slow process, reaching perhaps years, before they germinate.
The plant grows in woodlands and temperate forests and subtropical Misiones province, there is also the risk of rain, evenly throughout the year. The
Yerba Mate is a plant rich in vitamins, also stimulates muscle activity and lung and is able to intervene in regulating the heartbeat, increasing and decreasing blood pressure. Produces a feeling of well being, intellectual lucidity and force, based on the presence of the alkaloid mateína. It is diuretic, digestive and nutrient absorption improves the regulatory body in general all functions of assimilation. Alone can satisfy the minimum amounts needed by the body of vitamin C as can be seen below in its composition. Contrary to what many people say, the grass does not produce acid.
growing and manufacture
It was the Jesuits who first cultivated yerba mate, back in the seventeenth century.
Harvesting is done after the plant reaches about 2 to 3 m. height, which is given to approximately 4 years old. It can be done either manually or mechanically, is to cut the branches with scissors or a machete, made between May and October. We must take care not to strip the tree of all its branches. Then comes the break, with the aim of transporting them to the place of development, discarding the thicker branches and separating the leaves are damaged or uprooted. One plant can be achieved in 20 to 30 kg. leaves.
Without wasting time and not leaving to spend more than 24 hours beginning with the development sapeca, which consists in subjecting the steam and heat from the fire for a few seconds, finishing well with the unwanted substances and allowing for retains the characteristic green color. It does so by hand or more commonly with mechanical sapeca.
Later we drying runs for the following 24 hours and is based on exposing the grass longer to heat to remove moisture to less than 10% this is where we lose a large amount of weight, being about one fifth of the total leaves collected.
After being dried in order to facilitate their transport and bagging end, leading to the stadium which is the first grinding but pieces of 1 cm. about, obviously this was done by hand but now there canchadoras mechanical type. When this is finished grinding, it is the raw material from pockets. We now turn to park, where we will stop bagging stand between nine months and one year at least for a proper parking lot.
To go now finalizing the design, arrived at the mill, which consists of crushing smaller than the stadium, tamización and shaking of the entire product for the purpose of sorting, cleaning and separating different types of grass, according to its quality, origin and varying contents of sticks or thick leaves. In conclusion we can only packaging, which takes place on the packaging that we already know, classic 1 / 2 kg. and 1 pound, made by any modern mechanical packaging and fast like the whole industry maté reviewed here, enjoy a convenient and effective modernization.
mate of water must be hot, so it takes the kettle, metal container with a handle over the hole filling water and a pouring spout, prepared specially to be leaning over the bait and being able to mate successfully.
By heating the water must be careful not to let it boil, it is advisable to remove it before that happens, therefore if an oversight in the water we were going and the kettle nuts ... " we do not worry, we will have to pull this back up with water and water heating.
It is also possible that after we heat the water, and in order for us to last longer heat the heat transfer to a container or "Heat," which makes sure that the temperature of our mate will be at their fair from start to finish, so if you must take into account the thermal peak, as some may come with a nozzle that not very comfortable at the time of priming.
Bulbs vary by more than his style, aesthetics and design play a vital role, taking the mate infusion from the mouth. It's always a metal tube (though made of cane as well) about 15 to 20 cm. long, with a nozzle on the end that pose the mouth, and a cap at the other end with many holes very small, smaller than the size of the milling of the yerba mate, where to enter the water. This ultimately goes into the pot at the bottom of the mate.
The bulb takes different forms, in some cases try to encourage the saddle and the position of mate. The mouthpiece comes with a slight aplatamiento to enhance suction.
A council, therefore disarm each bulb (those that allow well) than unscrewing the cap, and limpienla well, because in the narrow stretch where often stacked residual grass On the other hand can cover the small entry holes and clogged up the bulb completely.